Gibraltar – wildlife and heritage

This mini-documentary explores the history and wildlife of Gibraltar. The Rock is the smallest of all of the UK Overseas Territories, but is home to a staggering heritage dating back to Moorish ruins, Victorian fortifications and WW2 tunnels. In this documentary, we explore Gibraltar’s history, venturing into a secret WW2 chamber, built for a crack “stay behind” team to observe enemy movements in the event that the Rock fell to hostile forces. Although Gibraltar is just 7 km2, it is home to hundreds of plant species, including at least one that occurs no where else on Earth. Conservation projects are working to safeguard Gibraltar’s concentrated populations of raptors and vultures, and other efforts work to monitor diverse bat colonies. But the most iconic and famous of all wildlife on the Rock is undoubtedly the Barbary Macaques – Europe’s only population of wild primate. We observe the macaques, and in large discover, discover the Rock’s importance to another primate: Neanderthals, and Gibraltar has a surprising and globally important connection to these extinct hominids.

Britain’s Treasure Islands mini-documentaries

A series of short documentaries designed for on-line release exploring the wildlife, cultures and history of the UK Overseas Territories.

This film is one of forty mini-documentaries made from the footage not used in the broadcast series.

Visit to view all 40 mini-documentaries free of charge.

Please note: although complementary to the BBC FOUR series, the 40 short mini-documentaries are not commissioned or editorially overseen by BBC.

To discovery the wildlife, history and cultures of all of the UK Overseas Territories, please visit